How To Take Care Of Yourself During Pregnancy!

How To Take Care Of Yourself During Pregnancy!


during pregnancy

How To Take Care Of Yourself During Pregnancy!

When I reach reproductive age, I've always wanted to get pregnant, but I've always been unsuccessful. So how to properly prepare for pregnancy and have a good pregnancy soon? 21 Things you need to know to take care of yourself During Pregnancy!

1- Four behaviors harmful to pregnant women.

Women during pregnancy can easily cause harm to their babies if they are not careful. So women, especially young women who are pregnant for the first time, must not make the following mistakes.

Women during pregnancy can easily cause harm to their babies if they are not careful. So women, especially young women who are pregnant for the first time, must not make the following mistakes.

    I. Avoid long-distance flights:

The air pressure when the aircraft rises and falls will put pressure on the placenta. If pregnant women have had threatened abortion and bleeding, they are more likely to have a miscarriage. Pregnant women with threatened hemorrhage should not travel long distances. If necessary, they should not take the flight until the fetus is stable after 3 months of pregnancy. But on the other hand, it is not suitable for pregnant women to carry the plane after 7 months of pregnancy.

    II. Avoid strenuous exercise.

Avoid strenuous exercise. After pregnancy, the coordination of the body will also become poor. Doctors do not recommend pregnant women to perform sports that involve rapid body rotation and jumping and body collisions, such as badminton, basketball, and volleyball. Pregnant women can switch to activities with a moderate amount of exercise, such as walking and swimming. Doing this kind of exercise often can also prevent postpartum weight gain and prevent constipation.

    III. Avoid intense sex life.

Normal sex life can still be maintained during pregnancy. If you have had a miscarriage, it is best to avoid sexual intercourse completely before the 12th week, because, during that time, the risk of fetal miscarriage is the greatest. After the first three months, after the fetus has settled down, the couple can have sex again, but it is not advisable to make too vigorous movements. In the early stages of pregnancy, it is safer for both pregnant women and fetuses to have sexual intercourse between women and men.

    IV. Avoid raising cats.

Cats are very susceptible to toxoplasmosis, a parasitic disease that is common to humans and animals. After pregnant women are infected with this disease, the pathogen can harm the fetus, causing abnormal fetal development, hydrocephalus, cerebellar malformations, mental retardation, retinitis, etc., and can lead to premature delivery or stillbirth. Therefore, it is best not to keep cats when there are pregnant women at home.

2- Four life sections that mothers-to-be can't ignore.

After being pregnant with a baby, the mother will have to wake up in her daily life, because a little carelessness may affect the fetus or make herself more uncomfortable.

        I. Not appropriate long-standing. 

Pregnant women often have lower leg varicose veins, because the fetus pressing blood vessels and hinder normal blood circulation due. When standing for a long time, you should sit down and rest every once in a while. Foot edema is a common problem for pregnant women. High-heeled shoes and tight shoes will wrap the swollen part tighter. It is better to wear less.

        II. It is not advisable to bend over when picking up things;

The weight of the fetus puts a lot of pressure on the lumbar spine of pregnant women. Therefore, when doing housework, try to straighten the waist as much as possible. You should not bend the waist to lift objects placed in high places or bend over to pick up things to reduce the chance of lumbar sprain. When riding in the car, you should not put your handbag on your thighs or sit with your legs up, because the handbag or legs will press against your abdomen, causing discomfort.

        III. Oral cleaning extra attention:

During pregnancy, hormonal changes in the body, dental tooth resistance is greatly reduced. Many pregnant women prefer to eat sweet and sour snacks due to changes in their tastes during pregnancy, which can also damage their teeth. In order to prevent pregnant women from being unwell due to complicated dental treatments, doctors advise them to avoid dental surgery in the early and late stages of pregnancy. If the teeth are unwell, they can only ask the dentist for simple treatment temporarily.

        IV. It is advisable to adopt a side sleeping posture:

After four or five months of pregnancy, the abdomen will gradually bulge. Therefore, pregnant women should change their sleeping habits on their backs to avoid being pressed by the fetus on heart and lung operations and blood circulation. Sleep on the side during pregnancy, and use an abdominal pillow specially designed for pregnant women to support the weight of the fetus, so you can really rest assured.

3- What to keep in mind while choosing clothes during pregnancy?

Mothers-to-be must pay attention to two things when choosing clothes, otherwise, it may increase the discomfort during pregnancy.

Avoid clothing that is not suitable for the body.

The most important thing about clothing during pregnancy is to be comfortable to wear, so sweat-absorbing and breathable cotton material is the best choice. After getting pregnant, pregnant women will find that they have frequent urination. A loose-fitting and easy-to-toilet maternity dress will be more suitable.

At the beginning of three months of pregnancy, expectant mothers’ breasts are already showing signs of enlargement, so a supportive bra is needed to avoid friction and friction on the breasts, which will cause harm and affect the ability of breastfeeding in the future.

Avoid wearing synthetic bras.

Medical experts in the United States and Japan have studied the causes of lack of milk in some women and squeezed larval worm-like particles from their nipples. After analysis and identification, it is found that most of these particles are composed of wool, cotton fabrics, chemical fibers, and so on. 

When a person exercises, the nipple, and the bra are rubbed together, and the fibers on the bra enter the mammary gland from the nipple hole, causing the mammary gland to be blocked, causing little or no milk, and sometimes mastitis. Therefore, pregnant women and breastfeeding women should avoid wearing close-fitting chemical fiber clothes and wearing chemical fiber bras.

4- Should pregnant women be insulated from pets?

Perhaps cat-loving pregnant women are reluctant to listen, but being too close to cats will affect both the mother and the fetus. Therefore, pregnant women who have pets should keep a distance from their pets.

Animal germs can cause abortion:

Some animal germs, such as brucellosis, not only cause animal abortion. Pregnant women who come into contact with aborted animals or their body waste can also be infected and cause abortion, premature delivery, and fetal death. Among them, toxoplasmosis in cats is a common pet infectious disease.

Toxoplasmosis is a common infectious disease between humans and animals. It is caused by Toxoplasma Gondii bacteria and is transmitted through uncooked food or contaminated soil. Humans, poultry, birds, or reptiles are all infected, and cats are the ultimate host. Humans can be infected if they eat raw meat containing pathogens or touch animal feces, especially cat feces with Toxoplasma eggs.

Toxoplasma damages the brain of the fetus:

Toxoplasma can affect various organs and tissues of the human body, and the symptoms are the same as those of a common cold(fever, general weakness, muscle aches, etc.), and there are even no symptoms. However, infection of pregnant women can lead to miscarriage, premature delivery, stillbirth, or pregnancy toxemia. 

Bacteria can also damage the central nervous system of the fetus, causing the fetus to develop congenital diseases such as encephalitis, hydrocephalus, cerebral calcification, cerebral palsy, infant malformations, vision, and intellectual impairment.

Preventing infection is the best policy:

To avoid infection by toxoplasmosis, pregnant women should pay attention to the following:

  1. Keep away from pets such as cats and dogs, let alone feed or play with animals.
  2. Avoid eating completely uncooked meat. Dishes containing raw meat must be cleaned to prevent germs from spreading diseases through the utensils.
  3. Do not touch things used by pets, including excretion bowls, rice bowls, etc., and do not approach cat feces.

5- Precautions for pregnant women during the flight.

Wearing loose clothes, drinking plenty of water, and bringing a soft pillow or neck sleeve to support your neck can all make you more comfortable during the flight when you are pregnant. The following will provide you with more suggestions to make the journey easier.

  1. Although it may be inconvenient for pregnant women to wear a seat belt, it can protect both the mother and the fetus. Pregnant women should properly fasten their knee and shoulder safety belts during flight.
  2. Wearing socks that provide extra support can maintain blood circulation and reduce vein swelling.
  3. If you have an empty seat next to you, you can put your feet up to increase blood circulation.
  4. The pressure in the cabin can make you feel swollen in your feet, and it may be more comfortable to take off your shoes.
  5. If your belly is too big and it is difficult for you to bend over, wearing a pair of slippers may make it easier. Therefore, when taking a long-distance flight, consider bringing an extra pair of slippers.
  6. Take a walk in the cabin corridor and try to keep standing and walking for at least 5 minutes every two hours.
  7. Do some simple stretching activities to keep blood circulation smooth. When you are sitting or standing, you can stretch your legs. When you are sitting, you can rotate your ankles and turn your toes.
  8. If you sit for too long, your feet and ankles will swell and your legs will cramp. Try raising the legs to avoid swelling of the legs and ankles.
  9. Supplementing calcium (500 mg twice a day) can effectively reduce leg cramps.

6- It is normal to gain weight during pregnancy.

Weight gain during pregnancy is a natural phenomenon. Generally speaking, pregnant women will gain between 25-35 pounds during pregnancy. Fifteen to twenty pounds are from the fetus, fetal pelvis, fetal fluid, and the enlarged uterus of the pregnant woman, and the rest Ten to Fifteen pounds is the increase in fat in pregnant women. 

The uterus will increase tenfold during pregnancy, and it will not return to its original state immediately after delivery. It will naturally contract when the hormone levels return to normal, and the weight will be adjusted accordingly. Therefore, it is normal for women not to regain their previous weight immediately after giving birth.

Prevention of overweight:

The older generation thinks that pregnant women should eat double the amount of food to provide adequate nutrition to the fetus. However, in today’s metropolises, pregnant women are rarely undernourished. Instead, it is due to high-fat foods and fast foods. It is common to eat as a staple food, so pregnant women should pay attention to whether they consume too many calories per day. 

Need Calories

A normal woman needs about 2,000 calories a day.
During pregnancy needs about 1800-2300 (kcal) a day.
during Breastfeeding needs about 2500-2800 (kcal) a day.

Therefore, it is enough for pregnant women to eat 1/4 or 1/5 of the amount every day to avoid obesity after childbirth.

Pregnant women need 30 min to 45 min of physical exercise daily along with the right nutrition diet and also during breastfeeding.

Exercise is a good way to lose weight after childbirth:

If you pay attention to your diet in the early stages of pregnancy and want to get back quickly after childbirth, the best way is to exercise more. Postpartum exercise can help the uterine and pelvic floor muscles contract to prevent uterine sagging, and help blood flow in the lower abdomen to avoid blood clotting problems. During exercise, more or fewer calories will be consumed.

In addition, breastfeeding after childbirth is also a way to naturally lose calories, because the breast milk supplied to babies is also calories.

7- The self-protection rules for pregnant women against Heatstroke.

Women experience many physical changes during pregnancy. If coupled with their weak physical fitness and often in a hot and humid environment after childbirth in summer, women are likely to suffer heatstroke due to poor body temperature regulation.

What is Heatstroke?

Heatstroke is an acute fever. When the body is not able to control its own temperature, then the body temperature rises rapidly. If the condition worsens if not handled properly, the body temperature can rise sharply to 40 degrees Celsius or above. At first, you will feel thirsty, nauseous, fatigue, dizziness, and sweating. 

The pregnant woman will have redness, dry skin, vomiting, diarrhea, or coma. Later, her complexion will turn pale, her pulse rate will increase, and her blood pressure will increase. Decline and collapse, even if rescued, there may be serious sequelae due to central nervous system damage.

What to do?

At this time, if you can untie the tight clothing, sit down in a ventilated and cool place to rest for a while, and add moisture and salt, most of the situation can be quickly improved. 

Cool the body rapidly.

 In the event of heatstroke, first, move away from the high-temperature environment and ensure that there is enough fresh air. Then wipe the skin with cool water, and place ice packs on the forehead, armpits, and groin according to the situation. At the same time, use an electric fan to fan to lower the body temperature as soon as possible.

To prevent heatstroke:

To prevent heatstroke in late pregnancy or parturient women, they should avoid wearing long-sleeved clothes, trousers, and socks. A short, refreshing haircut is not only convenient for care but also reduces the sultry feeling covered by long hair. 

The room must be ventilated and cool, but care should be taken not to let the violent wind or cold air blow directly on the body to avoid cold. Usually drink light saltwater, and winter melon soup and watermelon juice have the function of clearing heat and relieving heat, so you may wish to drink more.

8-Will my baby be normal?

For prospective parents, this is their most concerned and most worried issue. This kind of thinking is very common and normal. What we need to do is to try our best to ensure that children are born and grow up healthy.

The good news is that 97 to 98% of babies are born normally. Only 2 to 3% of babies are born with deformities, including structural abnormalities and genetic problems such as Down syndrome. Observing the following items can greatly increase your chances of having a healthy pregnancy and a healthy baby.

    1. Quit Tobacco.

smoking mother-baby birth weight is generally lighter. Parents, people living with and caring for their children, who smoke can increase the chance of their babies suffering from asthma.

    2. Quit Alcohol.

During pregnancy, drinking too much wine, beer or cocktails may cause fetal alcohol syndrome, resulting in small size, abnormal appearance, neurodevelopmental delay, and abnormal behavior.
Balance nutrition and take more folic acid.

If folic acid is taken early in pregnancy, it can prevent spina bifida. You need about 0.4 mg (400 micrograms) of folic acid a day during pregnancy, which can also be found in green and yellow leafy vegetables, or you can choose to take folic acid supplement tablets. Don't go on a diet to lose weight. Losing weight will cause uneven nutrition and affect fetal development.

    4. Avoid Cats.

Pregnant women try not to have cats at home, if we must raise, pregnant women do not want to personally replace the cat's dirty pots or finishing potted soil, because both will make you infected with toxoplasmosis. This is an infection that can cause harm to the baby through the placenta.

    5. Do not eat undercooked non-vegetarian items.

As you eat fish, meats, chicken, etc., it should be ensured that the food is well cooked, do not eat dairy products without using pasteurization sterilization.

    6. If you are learning school or care center work.

Should be determined before pregnancy you have done Parvovirus (also called "V virus") examination, most adults to children this may result in viral infection of fetal anemia is Immune.

    7. To do a detailed physical examination and health.

Take full advantage of government hospitals or provided them to you by checks, such as Down syndrome and spina bifida checks. However, this can only determine the risk of such conditions, not whether they are present, and further examination should be required.

    8. Remember to wear seat belts.

For the safety of mother and child when riding, and you must wear a seat belt when riding. But pay attention to avoid pressing on the abdomen when wearing a seat belt.

    9. Do an ultrasound examination.

In the basic ultrasound scan, the doctor can see the baby's body structure, such as the brain, spine, heart, stomach, and kidneys. Seeing a healthy baby in the scan can indeed alleviate the fear and worry of parents.

9- Diet for pregnant women.

Many women eat more nutritious food after pregnancy, but too much food is too late, and nourishment should be stopped. The daily eating habits should also be adjusted appropriately, and the taste should be light.

Some people pay special attention to tonic for pregnant women. However, excessive nourishment can easily cause overweight problems, especially in the latter stages of pregnancy. It is not difficult to calculate your weight in the later stages of pregnancy. The formula is as follows:

  • The average baby weighs seven pounds (3.2 kg) + Placenta weighs one and a half pounds (0.675 kg) + amniotic fluid weighs two pounds (0.9 kg) + uterus weighs two pounds (0.9 kg) + breast enlargement is one and a half pounds (0.675 kg) + blood volume An additional four pounds (1.8 kg) = Eighteen pounds (8.1 kg).

  • In addition, there may be other fluid remaining in the body. In short, the weight of pregnant women does not increase more than 28 pounds (12.6 kg) (except for the original weight), even if it is appropriate.

10- Four diet taboos for pregnant women.

    I. Avoid cold and cold foods.

According to modern medicine, it is better for pregnant women to eat less cold foods such as raw fish, watermelon, mung bean paste, and cold herbal tea. In addition to raw foods, hot and humid foods such as hairy crabs and mangoes should not be eaten more. Otherwise, dizziness, palpitations, and vomiting may occur.

    IIAvoid oil and spicy.

Affected by hormonal changes, pregnant women often experience constipation. If you eat spicy or greasy food, it will worsen your constipation. In this way, the stool accumulated in the body will discharge toxins, which is harmful to the health of the fetus and the mother.

    III. Avoid cold fruit products.

Pregnant women often lose appetite and love to eat sour and Qianghua plum to stimulate their sense of taste. However, these finished products often contain too much artificial coloring and preservatives. The metabolism of pregnant women is generally slow, and these harmful chemicals cannot be excreted from the body as soon as possible, which damages the health of mothers and babies.

11- Folic acid deficiency in pregnant women will produce teratogenic babies.

Enough folic acid in the early pregnancy of pregnant women can reduce 50 to 75% of abnormal children with neurological deficits. Every year, 500,000 babies are born with "no-brained babies" and protruding brains and spinal cords.

The incidence of this deformity varies by race and region. It is more common in mountainous areas in the United States and is rarer in Jews in Africa, Asia, and Central Europe, but more cases in Scotland, Ireland, and Egypt. If a woman has given birth to a baby with a neurological deficit, she will have a 2 to 3% chance of recurrence in the next pregnancy, which means there is more than ten times the chance of recurrence.

The way of prevention is to start taking four milligrams of folic acid every day at least one month before the preparation for conception. The purpose of prevention and protection can be achieved until the third month of pregnancy. In addition, folic acid can be supplemented from foods such as meat, scallops, yeast, or egg yolk.

12- Common pregnancy diseases-periodontal disease, vomiting, and swelling of the feet.

Periodontal disease in pregnant women:

Many pregnant women become pregnant, teeth become loose easily, most people mistakenly thought it was the mother fetus that absorbed calcium, so calcium deficiency in pregnant women, so there is periodontal disease and tooth loss. In fact, the "prime culprit" that causes periodontal disease is hormones that weaken the gum's resistance to oral bacteria. Therefore, once pregnancy is confirmed, expectant mothers should find a dentist to wash their teeth as soon as possible to reduce oral dirt. If teeth fillings are needed, they should also be handled properly six months before conception.

Nausea and vomiting:

Vomiting is a common symptom in the early stages of pregnancy, but if nausea and vomiting are severe, it may be a symptom of illness. Pregnant women with a molar pregnancy, hepatitis, and gallbladder disease will have persistent nausea and vomiting. Pregnant women can take anti-vomiting drugs prescribed by their doctors. In addition, in terms of food habits, they can change to smaller meals, avoid full stomachs, eat thin biscuits, and eat less spicy, fried, or greasy foods. In addition, pregnant women should also avoid smelling strong odors, such as oily smoke, perfume, cigarettes, etc., to avoid nausea.

Swollen feet swelling:

Feet swelling late pregnancy because the fetus grew, uterine compression lower extremity venous return, caused by lower limb swelling, pain. There is a kind of stockings specially designed for pregnant women in the market, which can keep warm and reduce the degree of veins in the large and small legs of pregnant women. It is normal for pregnant women to have swelling of their feet. The symptoms will disappear when the childbirth is completed. 

However, if you find that your face and fingers are also swollen, you should do a detailed examination immediately, because this may be a condition of pregnancy toxemia, and you should immediately tell your doctor.

13- Common pregnancy diseases-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, and high blood pressure.


According to a study in the monthly issue of Obstetrics and Gynecology, high cholesterol levels in pregnant women increase the chance of pre-eclampsia(hypertension in pregnancy). If it cannot be controlled, it may lead to premature delivery or the development of pre-eclampsia. Pregnant women with eclampsia. Eclampsia may appear in the later stages of pregnancy. Its characteristics are extremely high blood pressure and convulsions. It is a rare pregnancy disease.

Gestational diabetes in pregnancy:

Gestational diabetes is most likely to occur in elderly women. In many cases, because there is no sugar in the patient's urine, it may not be diagnosed in urine tests. The fetus of a diabetic mother may be relatively hypertrophied and may be dangerous when your baby is born, and may even cause excessive fetal fluid and abnormal fetal position, and may require a cesarean section.

Often gestational diabetes can be controlled by eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly. Sometimes a woman with gestational diabetes must also take insulin after consulting a doctor.

Pregnancy hypertension (also known as pregnancy toxemia):

Pregnancy hypertension is a disease that is susceptible to older women. The babies born to them are also more prone to chromosomal abnormalities, the most common being Down syndrome. The chance of giving birth to this type of fetus is directly proportional to the age of the pregnant woman. Most cases are not inherited in the family, so even if a pregnant woman does not have a family history of the disease, there is a chance to give birth to this type of fetus.

To reduce the opportunities mentioned above, the most direct way is to do amniotic fluid punctures earlier. If the mother is not too old, you can have a blood test at 18 to 20 weeks, so that you can know whether the baby has more Down syndrome than normal. If you find that the fetus has a chromosome problem, you can perform an abortion as soon as possible.


14- Common pregnancy diseases-constipation and frequent urination.

Common maternal diseases such as constipation, eclampsia, nausea, vomiting, diabetes, high blood pressure, spontaneous abortion, etc., are quite troublesome for you during pregnancy. Knowing the causes and treatments of the following maternal diseases, early detection of physical problems, and treatment can ensure the safety of mothers and babies.

Constipation More:

More than 50% of pregnant women have constipation, because the hormones in pregnant women, especially "progesterone", will weaken gastrointestinal motility, prolong the time of food staying in the intestines, increase the absorption of water by the large intestine, and harden stools. In the later stages of pregnancy, the uterus and fetal head will enlarge, directly pressing the rectum, which also increases the difficulty of defecation.

Pregnant women who are troubled by constipation should take care of daily intake of enough water and fiber, and do some relaxing exercises such as walking. Avoid tea, chocolate, potatoes, and other foods that can easily cause constipation. Be careful not to take laxatives yourself when you are constipated, because many laxatives have side effects on mothers and babies, so they must be prescribed by a doctor.

Frequent urination and nocturia:

Frequent urination and nocturia are common in the early and late stages of pregnancy. Due to the enlarged uterus or fetal head compressing the bladder, pregnant women urinate frequently, but this is normal. If the urinary tract is infected, in addition to frequent urination, there will be urgency, painful urination, burning sensation, etc. After falling asleep at night, the pregnant woman's body lies flat, allowing the water left in the surrounding area to return to the blood vessels and be discharged by the kidneys.

Therefore, there will be more urine at night and the urine will be thinner. As long as nocturia does not exceed 3 times, it is normal.

15- Common pregnancy diseases-stillbirth and spontaneous abortion.

A miscarriage is less than 20 weeks of pregnancy. Non-human factors cause the fetus to separate from the mother. At this time, the fetus cannot survive. About 20% to 30% of pregnant women will have a small amount of vaginal bleeding before 20 weeks of pregnancy. About half of them have spontaneous abortions and terminate the pregnancy. 

Abortion can be divided into a complete abortion, that is, the discharge of all pregnancy products, and incomplete abortion, that is, partial discharge of pregnancy products.


The cause of stillbirth is unknown, and it has nothing to do with the age of the pregnant woman. Only a few are caused by entanglement of the umbilical cord. Even if there are sufficient checks beforehand, it may not be 100% preventive from accidents. Once the pregnant woman is confirmed to the fetus has died, the doctor will give her birth and excrete her from the body. 

In general, stillbirths can only stay in the pregnant woman's body for no more than six weeks. If it is not cleared immediately, it may cause bleeding and inflammation in the lower body of the pregnant woman. However, the stillbirth itself has no complications and will not pose a life threat to pregnant women, nor will it affect future fertility.

Spontaneous Abortion:

There are many causes of fetal abortion, such as taking drugs that affect the fetus by mistake, the pregnant woman's poor physique, the body has been hit, and the fetus is stillborn, etc., all of which can lead to the spontaneous abortion of the fetus. In addition, for women who have undergone multiple abortions, their fetuses have a high chance of mid-term inertial abortion. 

Most miscarriages have no obvious cause. 15 to 20% of women in normal pregnancy will have a miscarriage. If a sleepy pregnant woman has three consecutive miscarriages (or called habitual miscarriage), there is a 30% chance of miscarriage in the fourth pregnancy.

16- Common urinary problems during pregnancy.

Many pregnant women often feel the urge to urinate or frequent nocturnal urination. In fact, this is normal. However, if abnormalities occur during the period, such as suspected bladder problems, they should seek medical advice as soon as possible.

Frequent urination of pregnant women is mainly caused by the fetus oppressing the bladder, which is normal. However, excessive urination or no urination in the toilet may cause urinary problems. Mothers-to-be should always pay attention to their urination status or consult a doctor.

Frequent urination and nocturia:

In the early and late stages of pregnancy, the increase in the size of the uterus or the compression of the bladder by the fetus can make pregnant women often urge to urinate. Due to some other reasons, pregnant women have more frequent urination.

While lying down for sleeping

When the pregnant woman lays down, the water left in the periphery of the body flows back to the blood vessels and is then excreted through the kidneys. Therefore, there will be more urine at night and the urine will be thinner. If the number of nocturia in a night is not more than 3 times, it is normal. 

Bladder infection

As for the frequent urination of pregnant women, it may be caused by bacteria in the bladder infection. Therefore, if pregnant women have problems with urination, it is best to go to the clinic for a urine test to determine whether their health is normal. If problems are found, they need to take antibiotics according to the doctor's instructions.

Asymptomatic bacteriuria:

Asymptomatic bacteriuria refers to the clinically asymptomatic gynecological diseases where bacteria are found in urine culture. About 2 to 10% of pregnant women will suffer from this disease. Without treatment, one in four patients will deteriorate into acute renal pelvis nephritis. 

Since there are no obvious symptoms, pregnant women must undergo regular prenatal check-ups to catch the disease as early as possible. However, even if patients receive treatment, the recurrence rate is still very high, so they should be checked regularly after treatment.

Acute pyelonephritis:

2% of pregnant women will suffer from acute pyelonephritis, which is a more dangerous disease that can easily cause liver, kidney, and lung failure in pregnant women, as well as premature delivery. The main symptoms are fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, and back pain. The patient needs to be hospitalized. After healed, he should be checked regularly and the urine should be cultured.

Renal X-ray examination is necessary after delivery to rule out abnormalities in the urinary system. Since there is no special preventive method for this disease, only antibiotics or hospitalization can be used, so pregnant women should pay attention to their bodies on weekdays.


Pregnant women with cystitis usually have symptoms such as frequent urination, urgency, painful urination, and burning sensation, and they are more likely to have blood in the urine. This symptom often occurs in the second trimester of pregnancy.

If cystitis occurs after delivery, it is mostly caused by bladder edema and injury caused by compression of the fetal head during delivery. The patient does not need to be hospitalized, but it is best to drink water frequently until the frequency of urination increases to wash away the bacteria.

17- Pregnant women are prone to hemorrhoids.

What are Hemorrhoids?

The so-called hemorrhoids are caused by varicose (vein swelling) of the veins inside and outside the anus, which makes the veins unblockable. It is a lump, often bleeding, and is the most common cause of anal bleeding.

Hemorrhoids in pregnant women are often the sequelae of constipation, or the pressure of the inferior vena cava affects blood circulation. If you don't pay attention to it in your daily life, the hemorrhoids will worsen during childbirth and the pain will increase.

The suffering of pregnant women:

Suffering from hemorrhoids is really "unspeakable", but unfortunately pregnant women are often prone to suffer from hemorrhoids. Pregnant women are particularly susceptible to hemorrhoids, which is often related to the constipation of pregnant women.

Pregnant women suffer from hemorrhoids:

Pregnant women suffer from hemorrhoids due to the influence of hormones during pregnancy, which slows down the peristalsis of the intestines and increases the time that food stays in the intestines. The water in the feces is absorbed by the intestinal wall and becomes hard, causing difficulty in defecation; as a result, feces are accumulated in the rectum Internally, the veins in the intestinal wall are compressed, preventing blood from returning, causing varicose veins in the anus to form hemorrhoids.

In addition, the reduced activity of pregnant women during pregnancy and the compression of the abdominal veins caused by the weight gain of the fetus will also hinder the blood return of the lower extremities and are prone to hemorrhoids.

Suffering from hemorrhoids affects production.

Once pregnant women suffer from hemorrhoids, it will not only make people sleepless but also make the hemorrhoids more serious when pregnant women give birth hard during the period of separation, causing prolapse and bleeding, which are painful and painful.

Develop good bowel habits:

To avoid hemorrhoids, pregnant women should first develop a daily bowel habit. In addition, eating more high-fiber foods and supplementing enough water can prevent constipation and prevent hemorrhoids from appearing. You should not sit for long periods of time during pregnancy, take more walks, and do simple stretching exercises.

Can use ice or warm water

If unfortunately, you have hemorrhoids, you can use ice to relieve the discomfort or take a warm water bath to temporarily relieve the swelling of the hemorrhoids.

Can apply ointment

In addition, you can apply ointment to prevent the hemorrhoids from getting worse; but do not take laxatives without authorization, because some strong laxatives can make the intestinal tract Increased peristalsis can easily lead to uterine contractions leading to premature or miscarriage. If you cannot relax your bowels or if the hemorrhoids get worse, you should go to the doctor for treatment

18- Signs of premature labor or miscarriage.

Early detection of signs of preterm birth and immediate medical treatment can protect the health of mother and child. Pregnant women who have one or more of the following symptoms of preterm birth should seek medical advice immediately.

  • Feeling of fetal movement, regular pain, or swelling like menstrual cramps.
  • The lower abdomen hardens every few minutes, and the frequency becomes denser.
  • Suffering from backache.
  • Increased vaginal discharge or red bloodstains.
  • Bleeding from the vagina, regardless of the amount.
  • Feeling of falling of the fetus or pressure in the vagina.
  • The fetal movement was significantly reduced or disappeared. (It may be a miscarriage caused by a stillbirth)

19- Causes Of Premature Birth.

It is often said that pregnancy is in October. In fact, the normal growth period of a fetus should be 36 weeks. If the fetus is born prematurely, it can be considered premature.

According to statistics of  Obstetrics and Gynecology, out of every 100 babies born, about 10% are premature babies born between 20 and 36/7 weeks. Usually, delivery after 30 weeks, or premature babies weighing more than 1500 grams, can grow normally. Premature babies who are less than 30 weeks old or weigh less than 1500 grams generally have poor health and have a higher chance of organ disability.

Possible causes of premature delivery of the fetus:

    1. History of the disease in pregnant women.

History of the disease in pregnant women had miscarriage, premature delivery. Another abnormal uterus, kidney disease, venereal disease, etc.

    2. Obstetric diseases occurred during pregnancy

such as pregnancy toxemia, bacteriuria, prenatal hemorrhage, placenta previa, early placental dissection, excessive or oligohydramnios, fetal malformations or chromosomal abnormalities, multiple pregnancies, etc.

    3. Living habits during pregnancy

Overwork, smoking, alcoholism, malnutrition, emotional restlessness, and stress can also cause premature delivery of the fetus.

    4. The age of pregnant time.

The most suitable reproductive age for women is from 20 to 30 years old. Pregnant women younger than 16 years old or older than 40 years old have a higher chance of premature delivery, especially if the fetus is the first child, the risk is higher.

20- Chickenpox in pregnant women can cause birth defects in the fetus:

Chickenpox is a filterable viral infection, and most of the infected are young children. It is not a fatal disease in itself, but if you contract chickenpox in the early stages of pregnancy or during delivery, the chickenpox virus may cause fetal infection through the placenta, causing birth defects in the fetus, so pregnant women must be careful to avoid infection.

The harm of chickenpox virus to the fetus:

Medical reports show that pregnant women get chickenpox during the first trimester of pregnancy and four days before and after delivery, which has the greatest impact on the fetus. In the first trimester of pregnancy, chickenpox is infected, and about 10% of the fetuses will also be infected. 

Fortunately, only a few will cause serious effects such as miscarriage, stillbirth, premature delivery, or developmental delay. In this adult infected fetus, there is less than a 1% chance of "congenital varicella syndrome", including skin scabs, atrophic lesions, limb deformities, cataracts, retinitis, congenital heart disease, cerebral cortex atrophy, Water, kidney, bones, and other congenital abnormalities.

If a pregnant woman develops chickenpox within four days before and after delivery, the chance of severe "congenital chickenpox syndrome" in the newborn baby will increase. Newborn infants who lack the protection of the immune system may cause systemic chickenpox and central nervous system diseases, and have a death rate of 20 to 30%; in some cases, the baby will only develop shingles after a few months...

Vaccination During Pregnancy is not suitable:

Vaccination during pregnancy is not suitable for women who have never been infected with chickenpox and have no antibodies in the body after examination, it is best to get a chickenpox vaccine three months before pregnancy to ensure the safety of the fetus. Because the chickenpox vaccine is a live vaccine, it must not be vaccinated after pregnancy, otherwise, it will endanger the health of the fetus.

If pregnant women are not immune, they should avoid going to crowded public places in the early stages of pregnancy and when they are close to the expected date of delivery and pay attention to whether children at home have rashes to protect themselves from infection.

Countermeasures for pregnant women to get chickenpox:

In the unlikely event that you get chickenpox early in pregnancy, please consult your doctor as soon as possible. Due to the low probability of congenital malformations caused by chickenpox, with the consent of the doctor, the fetal cord blood can be taken for about 20 weeks of pregnancy, followed by an ultrasound examination to find out whether the fetus is infected before deciding whether to leave the fetus.

If a pregnant woman is infected with chickenpox within four days before delivery, the delivery time should be postponed by two to three weeks; after the baby is born, the chickenpox immunoglobulin will be injected. If delivery cannot be delayed, the newborn should be injected with varicella immunoglobulin immediately after birth, and the mother must be isolated after delivery until the symptoms disappear, and pay attention to whether the newborn is infected during the period.

If pregnant women have been in contact with chickenpox patients one to three weeks before delivery, they should avoid contact with newborns within a few days of delivery; if mothers develop symptoms of chickenpox one or two days after delivery, newborns should be injected with immunoglobulin immediately.

21- Eating habits harmful to the Fetus:

The growth of the fetus in the mother's body is closely related to the mother's health. For mothers, for the sake of the health of their babies, it is better to quit the following three bad eating habits.

Quit alcohol

for pregnant women to drink detrimental to the fetal brain development of alcoholic beverages may harm the intellectual development of the baby in the future. Smoking can stimulate the placenta to fall off prematurely and cause miscarriage. 

A survey found that the weight of babies born to pregnant women who smoke is lighter than normal. Therefore, during pregnancy, not only the pregnant women themselves should not smoke, but also the people around them should not smoke, because second-hand smoke is more harmful.

Quit eating chemical foods

Pregnant women should pay more attention to whether the food contains too many chemical ingredients. For example, in the curing process of luncheon meat, sodium nitrate, sodium nitrite, and other preservative substances are added. However, these chemicals can reduce the oxygen content of pregnant women's blood, causing dizziness, fatigue, headache, fever, abdominal pain, and other symptoms. Therefore, during pregnancy, it is advisable to abstain from these chemically cured foods.

Avoid coffee:

Pregnant women drink coffee or caffeinated beverages, will endanger the health of the fetus. Alcohol medicine statistics in the United States show that if pregnant women absorb more than 600 mg of caffeine per day, it will cause miscarriage, stillbirth, or premature delivery. A cup of coffee, tea, and a can of cola contains 125, 65, and 50 mg of caffeine respectively.

The caffeine absorbed by pregnant women can affect the baby through breastfeeding. If a breastfeeding mother drinks 6 to 7 cups of coffee, tea, or cola a day, the newborn baby may have "caffeine stimulus", such as overactivity and inability to fall asleep, so breastfeeding mothers can only drink 1 to 2 cups of coffee a day. Because of drinks.

(This article was reviewed by our Consultant Physician)

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